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Greenland is the world's largest island, and three-quarters are covered by the only permanent ice sheet outside Antarctica. With a population of about 60'000, it is the least densely populated territory in the world, although Greenland has been inhabited for at least 4'500 years by Arctic people. The animals of Greenland include the Greenland dog, which was introduced by the Inuit, the Arctic fox, as well as European-introduced species such as sheep and reindeer. Marine mammals include seals and whales, which frequently pass close to Greenlandic shores in late summer.

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